Physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics 1954
Walther Bothe gives a lecture on "The Nature of Cosmic Radiation Phenomena" at Harnack House in 1934. He has been appointed head of the Physical Sub-Institute at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Heidelberg. After starting his career in Berlin shortly before the First World War, he has established good contacts. As a student under Max Planck, Bothe quickly discovers his interest in radiation phenomena and their molecular basis. He is awarded his doctorate under Planck at Berlin University in 1914, and qualifies as a university professor in 1925.
In Heidelberg, Bothe delves deeper into his field of research, nuclear physics and radioactive radiation, using new large-scale equipment, some of which he and his staff construct themselves. Bothe continues his research there after the Sec-ond World War. In 1954, he receives the Nobel Prize for the coincidence method together with Max Born. It is the first Nobel Prize for a researcher from the emergent Max Planck Society into which Bothe’s Institute is incorporated after the end of the Third Reich.